先从基本涉及的厨房动词,食材准备和烹饪方法三方面说起。

Food Preparation食材准备

Before you start cooking, you need to prepare the food. This could be anything from:
准备下厨前,先准备好食材。任何食材都可以:

washing vegetables like spinach, broccoli,cabbage
洗蔬菜;例如菠菜,花椰菜,卷心菜

slicing thinly or thickly onions, carrots, celery
切片,薄或厚;如洋葱,胡萝卜,芹菜

peeling carrots, potatoes
削皮;胡萝卜,土豆

chopping finely or coarsely or into chunks onions, garlic, ginger, carrots
切块,精致地或粗略地切成块;洋葱,大蒜,姜,胡萝卜

shredding cabbage, cucumber
切碎片;卷心菜,黄瓜

marinating meat
将肉浸泡在卤汁中,腌肉

whisking the eggs or cream
搅拌搅动鸡蛋或奶油

grating cheese
压碎奶酪

Cooking 烹饪

After you have prepared the food for cooking you might need to:
准备好烹饪的食材后你需要做的是:

melt some butter in a pan
在平底锅内融化一些黄油

bring to the boil
煮到沸腾

simmer gently
小火慢炖

steam some vegetables or fish
蒸蔬菜或鱼

fry some mushrooms
炒蘑菇

grill the tomatoes
烤番茄

roast the vegetables or meat
烘焙蔬菜或肉

stir-fry some chicken
用旺火煸(炒)鸡肉

scramble the eggs
煎鸡蛋

While you’re cooking you will need to:
烹饪过程中你需要:

stir gently, constantly or occasionally
轻轻地,持续地或偶尔地搅拌翻转

whisk the hollandaise sauce
搅拌荷兰辣酱

turn the meat over
把肉翻过来

season with salt and pepper
加入盐和胡椒调味

sprinkle some herbs or spices
撒些香料调味料

做饭常用口语:

How much meat do you need?
你需要多少肉?

Are they fresh enough?
够新鲜吗?

Dress the fish.
把鱼内脏掏洗干净。

What are you cooking?
你在做什么饭?

The meat will scorch.
肉要烧焦了。

Dice the eggplant.
把茄子切成丁儿。

The gas cooker doesn’t work.
煤气灶坏了。

It’s in the cabinet.
在橱柜里。

Hand me a plate.
递给我一个盘子。

I want to leave the stew to simmer for 5 minutes。
我想把炖肉煨5分钟。

Boil some water.
烧点水吧。

I smell gas, turn it off.
我闻到煤气味了,把煤气关了。

It’s still not mixed well enough.
还没有完全搅拌好。

Whisk two eggs.
打两个鸡蛋。

Could you put some ice in each glass, please?
你能在每个杯子里放些冰吗?

This knife is too dull.
这把刀太钝了。

想要记住这些做菜口语用法最简单的办法就是常去看看英文菜谱了,下面推荐几个国外菜谱网站:

BBC Good Food

Jamie Oliver

Nigella Lawson

Delia Online

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