JACKI LYDEN, host: There's a reason so many 19th century American buildings share a certain , a certain look. They were designed or inspired by the firm of McKim, Mead and White.
Charles McKim, William Mead and Stanford White designed the New York Municipal Building, the original Penn Station. They worked on the age（黄金时代） mansions of Newport, Rhode Island. They were even hired to renovate the White House in 1903.
These days, Stanford White may be better known for the scandal associated with his murder. He was shot by the enraged husband of a former lover. But 100 years ago, White and his partners were creating the look of a booming young nation.
Architecture professor Mosette Broderick has written a new book about the famous firm. It's called "Triumvirate: McKim, Mead and White Art Architecture, Scandal and Class in America's Gilded Age." She says that this American firm derived much of its from Europe at a time when taking a boat to Paris was no easy thing.
Ms. MOSETTE BRODERICK (Author, "Triumvirate: McKim, Mead and White Art Architecture, Scandal and Class in America's Gilded Age"): Through the 1860s and '70s, it was an to cross the Atlantic. Later on, the crossing gets much safer. Mm-hmm. And much more comfortable. And you can even start to bring big stuff back from Europe because you're not in a little boat anymore. And Europe becomes an awakening for a new nation. We were basically - when McKim, Mead and White were getting going - we were basically a rural nation with little wooden houses in the country - not country houses.
Ms. BRODERICK: Simple . And they go to Paris and they see the First World, they see the old world. They see things that are , things that are broke, things that - Roman Amphitheater and ... And all this comes down on their heads. And McKim and White - and to some degree even Mead - see themselves as a huge Santa Claus with a backpack. And they put the buildings and the style and the things that they can buy in this and bring it to the Americans who feel by the end of the 19th century that they're ready to become a first world nation. And they become the bridge between the old world and the new.
LYDEN: Once they were done touring the continent, these three young upstarts had to make a name for themselves in New York society.
Ms. BRODERICK: How in the world are three guys who are basically losers from families that were not well-off or well connected, how do they make it? And that's what's so amazing. It was - some of it is blind luck, and some of it was the social friends they made in the clubs. The clubs were in those days -University Club, initially later, Century Club. They were the . When you look at the jobs they have, the members...
LYDEN: They're networkers, terrific networkers.
Ms. BRODERICK: Terrific...
LYDEN: And, of course, Stanford White is perhaps the best networker of them all.
Ms. BRODERICK: He was a - that is true. He was a man who could be in four places at once.
LYDEN: Tell us about why, I mean, he's just a character. He's so talented. He brings in so many clients, which is we're talking about...
Ms. BRODERICK: Yeah.
LYDEN: ...is the original networker because...
Ms. BRODERICK: Yes, he was, and was , as they said.
LYDEN: And we should also say, amongst these men, his best friend, Augustus Saint-Gaudens...
Ms. BRODERICK: Gaudens.
LYDEN: ...there's a lot of bisexuality.
Ms. BRODERICK: There is. There's no question that when they were touring in Italy, something was going on.
Ms. BRODERICK: Whether it actually happened - and later on, I think it did happen. In the 1880s...
LYDEN: Well, they'd write each other and say, I send you a thousand kisses.
Ms. BRODERICK: Kisses.
LYDEN: Most men don't.
Ms. BRODERICK: If you see those letters...
Ms. BRODERICK: ...they're very clear.
LYDEN: And I raise it because it is simply a fascinating part of their character.
Ms. BRODERICK: Well, the story about White was he was a child. He's Peter Pan of a Peter Pan principle. In his early years in the 1880s, he still had some architectural . I think he loses this.
Later on, he becomes a . It's all about interiors, and then he discovers the booty of Greater Europe. But he doesn't know anything. He never endured an art history course. He never took a (鉴赏家) class at Christie's or Sotheby's. He really didn't know what he was doing. It was all enthusiasm.
LYDEN: What was their legacy today, Mosette Broderick?
Ms. BRODERICK: I'll tell you what it is, I think. They were working for the new money. They didn't do very well with Edith Wharton set.
Ms. BRODERICK: They worked for new money. And the new money wanted to be barons, and these buildings made them .
And I wanted to call the book the title as the editor's decision, and a good one. But what I wanted to call it, was "When Architecture Could Fashion A Nation." And that's what McKim, Mead and White thought they were doing.
LYDEN: We are going to go today to the old post office...
Ms. BRODERICK: Wonderful.
LYDEN: ...the Farley Post Office...
Ms. BRODERICK: Yes.
LYDEN: ...34th Street on 8th Avenue.
Ms. BRODERICK: Yup.
LYDEN: And that’s once the commission’s.
Ms. BRODERICK: Yes, it is.
LYDEN: We're going to explore unused parts of that building, but can you tell us anything about it?
Ms. BRODERICK: That was done by a man who was known as McKim's man, a man called William Mitchell Kendall, a boss and architect of very quality, and extremely mean man.
LYDEN: And, of course, the motto - who comes up with this - neither snow, nor rain, nor heat, nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds. Who's that?
Ms. BRODERICK: And that's William Mitchell Kendall, and is said to have defined that motto and put it on the post office.
LYDEN: That's Mosette Broderick. Her new book is "Triumvirate: McKim, Mead & White: Art, Architecture, Scandal, and Class In America's Gilded Age."
And you can read an excerpt of it on our website.