2019.03.16

周六 Saturday

hybrid/'haibrid/

n. 杂交种

图片来源:视觉中国

WhileAmericans are still in varying states of awareness about the keto, paleo and Whole 30 diets, along comes another new eating regimen, labeled "pegan".
尽管美国人对生酮饮食、旧石器饮食以及完整30饮食法还一知半解,现在又来了另一种新的叫做“Pegan”饮食的饮食法。

Thishybridof "paleo" and "vegan" was introduced in a 2014 blog post by physician and author Mark Hyman.
身为医生和作家的Mark Hyman在2014年的一篇博文中提出了这种“旧石器饮食”和“素食”的结合饮食。

After Hyman included the pegan diet in his February 2018 diet book, Food: What the Heck Should I Eat in February 2018, searches related to the pegan diet spiked, landing it on a number of trend lists for 2019.
Hyman在其2018年2月的饮食书《食物:我该吃什么》中加入了Pegan饮食之后,与Pegan饮食相关的搜索激增,让它登榜一系列2019年的年度饮食趋势排名。

While the pegan diet is more moderate - and potentially easier to follow - than either of its dietary parents, it does restrict many nutritious foods for reasons that aren't quite supported by science. Here are the pros and cons.
尽管Pegan饮食比其原生饮食习惯来源中的任何一个都要温和,而且可能更容易遵循,但它确实基于科学根据限制了许多营养食品。下面是优点和缺点。

The pros:Lots of plants and healthy fats
优点:植物和健康脂肪很多。

The pegan diet is at its core a plant-based diet, which research shows is good for personal and planetary health. If you want to go pegan, plan to shop for a variety of deeply colored fruits and vegetables - they'll make up about 75 percent of your diet.
Pegan饮食的核心是植物性饮食,研究表明这对个人和环境健康都有好处。如果你想采用Pegan饮食,准备购买各种色彩鲜艳的水果和蔬菜吧——它们将占你饮食的75%。

The cons:Going against the grains and dairy
缺点:反对谷物和奶制品。

The diet prohibits wheat and other gluten-containing grains, other than occasional intake of the ancient wheat einkorn, falsely claiming that most wheat is genetically modified "Frankenwheat".
该饮食禁食小麦和其他含麸质的谷物,除了偶尔摄入古式小麦之外,它还错误地声称大多数小麦是转基因的“法兰克小麦”。

The bottom line
底线:

The pegan diet restricts many nutrient-rich foods, partly because some people can't tolerate them. While it's true that some people are intolerant to lactose or gluten, or have trouble digesting the fiber in beans, that's not the case for most people.
Pegan饮食限制了许多营养丰富的食物,有部分原因是有些人对这些食物不耐受。虽然有些人确实对乳糖或麸质不耐受,或者在消化豆类中的纤维时遇到困难,但这并不适用绝大多数人。

今日词汇

hybrid/'haibrid/

n. 杂交种

Hybrid这个词最初的意思是“杂交种”:

A mule is a hybrid of a male donkey and a female horse.
骡子是公驴和母马杂交而生的产物。

现在它也被用来形容各种“混合体”:

The music was a hybrid of Western pop and traditional folk song.
这种音乐融合了西方流行音乐和传统民歌。