英语中有12个主要时态,都来自于三时(过去、现在、将来) ,今天,小编就大致给同学们讲讲英语中的时态问题,一起来看看吧!

现在以I listen为例,举例英语中有12个主要时态如下所示:

一般现在时:I listen 现在进行时:I am listening 过去进行时:I was listening

现在完成时:I have listened 现在完成进行时:I have been listening 一般将来时:I shall listen”或“I will listen.”

将来进行时:I shall be listening 一般过去时:I listened 过去完成时:I had listened

过去完成进行时:I had been listening 将来完成时: I shall have listened 将来完成进行时: I shall have been listening

(1)一般现在时

基本形式(以do为例):

第三人称单数:does(主语为非第三人称单数);

肯定句:主语+动词原形+其他;

He works for us.

否定句:主语+don‘t/doesn't+动词原形+其他;

He doesn't work for us.

一般疑问句:Do/Does+主语+动词原形+其他。

肯定回答:Yes,(+ 主语+do/does).

否定回答:No,(+主语+don't/doesn't.)

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句语

Does he work for us?

Yes, he does.

No, he doesn't

What does he do for us?

He works for us.

(2)一般过去时

be动词+行为动词的过去式

否定句式:在行为动词前加didn‘t,同时还原行为动词,或was/were+not;

was或were放于句首;用助动词do的过去式did提问,同时还原行为动词

例如: Did he work for us?

He didn't work for us.

He worked for us.

(3)一般将来时

am/are/is+going to+do 或

will/shall+do

am/is/are/about to + do

am/is/are to + do;

一般将来时的表达方法

be going to +动词原形

be +不定式,be to+动词原形,be about to +动词原形

be able to +不定式

be about to+动词原形

will + 动词原形;

例如:He is going to work for us.

He will work for us;

He is coming.这是特殊的用一般现在时 表达将来时态 的例子

怎么样,看完了小编给大家准备的语法知识,有没有感觉收获颇多呢?喜欢就收藏起来吧~