When one verb is followed by another, the second verb can either be an Infinitive or an –ing form. Some verbs can be followed by only an infinitive , others by only an –ing form and some by both but with a change in meaning. To know which structure to use, you can consult a good dictionary but here are some common examples.
当一个动词跟着另一个动词,第二个动词要么是一个不定式,要么是ing形式的。有些动词只能跟一个不定式,有一些的只能跟一个ing形式的,有一些两者都可以跟,但是其意义会随之改变。要清楚地知道应该使用哪种组合,你需要好好地查一下字典,但是这里给你提供了一些最常见的例子。
Verb + infinitive
动词+不定式
I want to speak to the manager.
She’s learning to ride a horse.
He offered to help us wash up.
‘Want’, ’learn’ and ‘offer’ are followed by to + infinitive
‘Want’, ’learn’ 和 ‘offer’后面跟to+ 不定式
Other verbs in this group include: afford, agree, ask, choose, decide, expect, hope, prepare, promise, pretend,refuse, would like.
其他动词包括afford, agree, ask, choose, decide, expect, hope, prepare, promise, pretend,refuse, would like。
Verb + ‘ing’ form
动词+ing形式
I enjoy travelling.
He admitted stealing the necklace.
I don’t mind waiting if you’re busy.
‘enjoy’ ‘admit’ and ‘mind’ are followed by the ‘ing’ form
‘enjoy’ ‘admit’和‘mind’后面跟‘ing’形式
Other verbs in this group include: avoid, consider, dislike, feel like, finish, give up, can’t help, practise,‘ing’ suggest.
其他动词包括:avoid, consider, dislike, feel like, finish, give up, can’t help, practise。
Verb + infinitive or ‘ing’ form with no change in meaning
动词+不定式或者ing形式,而且意思不变的
A few verbs can be followed by either an infinitive or the ‘ing’ form and the meaning does not change.
有些单词既能跟动词不定式又能跟ing形式,意思不变。
I started to work here in 1994.
I started working here in 1994.
The meaning of these two sentences is the same.
这两个句子的意思没有区别
There aren’t many verbs that can take an infinitive or an ‘ing’ form with no change in meaning. ‘Begin’ and ‘continue’ are two more examples.
这样的单词不多,‘Begin’ and ‘continue’ 是另外两个例子。
There is also a group of verbs that can be followed by an infinitive or an ‘ing’ form with a change in meaning. These verbs will be covered in another section.
还有一些其他的动词能够同时跟动词不定式和ing形式,但是意思却随之改变的,这些动词我们会在另一章节里提到。