Remember that in reported speech we usually change the tense of the direct statement. The present simple tense changes to the past simple, the past simple changes to the past perfect and so on.
Here are some other points to consider.
Can and will
Direct speech: “I can’t remember his name.” Reported speech: She said she couldn’t remember his name.
‘Can’ and ‘can’t’ in direct speech change to ‘could’ and ‘couldn’t’ in reported speech.
直接语气的Can和can’t在换为间接引语的时候，要变成could和couldn’t。 Direct speech: “I’ll be there for 3 weeks.” Reported speech: He told me he’d be there for 3 weeks.
‘Will’ and ‘won’t’ in direct speech change to ‘would’ and ‘wouldn’t’ in reported speech.
Other modal verbs
Direct speech: “You could be right.” Reported speech: I said that he could be right.
Direct speech: “You must call me.” Reported speech: She said that I must call her.
Other modal verbs don’t change in reported speech.
Reporting orders, requests and advice
Direct speech: “Sit down and shut up!” Reported speech: The teacher told me to sit down and shut up.
Direct speech: “Can you hold this for me please?” Reported speech: He asked me to hold it.
Direct speech: “You should do more exercise.” Reported speech: He advised me to do more exercise.
Orders, request and advice can be reported using an infinitive.
There are a number of verbs that we use to report statements. These can make your speech and writing more interesting than simply reporting every word of the direct speech.
有一些动词是我们用于转述的表达的。相比起仅仅是简单地转述直接引语的每个单词而言，这些动词能让你的语气和写作显得更有趣。 Direct speech: “It wasn’t me who broke the window.” > He denied breaking the window.
Direct speech: “I’ll help you if you want” > She offered to help.
There are a number of verbs that can be used to report.
这类动词有 They include: promise, claim, suggest, advise, refuse, argue,confirm and others.