在学习与工作中,经常需要我们用英文做一些主题展示,或表达思想,或介绍经验,或推广品牌... ... Presentation既像演讲,又不同于演讲,同在于都需要良好的语言组织能力和表达沟通技巧,异在于,相比于演讲的某些渲染效果,Presentation对于信息传达的精准性和简洁性要求更高,目的性更强,往往还会借助PPT这一媒介。因此,不论是在课堂还是工作中,能做好一个英文Presentation的能力都极为重要。

继上两期内容之后,今天,英语君继续大家介绍做Presentation内容方面的注意事项。

大多数的presentation包括三大块和提问部分

在做presentation的过程中,“重复”是非常重要的,重复的黄金法则是

Say what you are going to say...
第一遍,说你将要说什么

say it...
第二遍,正式开始说

then say what you have just said.
第三遍,重复刚刚说的内容

这就是传说中的 重要的事说三遍。。。

换句话说,就是把同一个观点在上述的三大板块中都说一遍,即提出,介绍,总结。

下面,我们就这三大板块具体介绍一下

Introduction 引入部分

This is the first impression that your audience have of you. You should concentrate on getting your introduction right.

一般引入部分有四个目的:

welcome your audience
欢迎观众

introduce your subject
介绍主题

outline the structure of your presentation
列出提纲

give instructions about questions
对提问环节进行事先解说(如什么时候可以提问)

以下是一些introduction部分的常用语

1. Welcoming your audience

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen

Good morning, gentlemen

Good afternoon, ladies and gentleman

Good afternoon, everybody

2. Introducing your subject

I am going to talk today about...

The purpose of my presentation is to introduce our new range of...

3. Outlining your structure

To start with I'll describe the progress made this year. Then I'll mention some of the problems we've encountered and how we overcame them. After that I'll consider the possibilities for further growth next year. Finally, I'll summarize my presentation (before concluding with some recommendations).

4. Giving instructions about questions

Do feel free to interrupt me if you have any questions.

I'll try to answer all of your questions after the presentation.

I plan to keep some time for questions after the presentation.

Body 主干部分

The body should be well structured, divided up logically, with plenty of carefully spaced visuals.

主干是真正的presentation,以下是一些注意事项:

do not hurry

不要慌张

be enthusiastic

热情饱满

give time on visuals

结合视觉辅助工具

maintain eye contact

眼神交流

modulate your voice

调节声音

look friendly

友好

keep to your structure

遵循提纲

use your notes

借助提词

signpost throughout

使用指示性语句(上一讲提过的哦)

remain polite when dealing with difficult questions

遇到刁钻问题保持礼貌

Conclusion 总结部分

这一部分的作用是:

Sum up

总结概括

(Give recommendations if appropriate)

给出合理的建议

Thank your audience

感谢

Invite questions

接受提问

以下是一些总结部分可能会用到的表达

1. summing up

To conclude,...

In conclusion,...

Now, to sum up...

So let me summarize/recap what I've said.

Finally, may I remind you of some of the main points we've considered.

2. Giving recommendations

In conclusion, my recommendations are...

I therefore suggest/propose/recommend the following strategy.

3. Thanking your audience

Many thanks for your attention.

May I thank you all for being such an attentive audience.

4. Inviting questions

Now I'll try to answer any questions you may have.

Can I answer any questions?

Are there any questions?

Do you have any questions?

Are there any final questions?

Questions 提问部分

It may be helpful for you to try to predict what questions will be asked so that you can prepare your response in advance. You may wish to accept questions at any time during your presentation, or to keep a time for questions after your presentation. Normally, it's your decision, and you should make it clear during the introduction. Be polite with all questioners, even if they ask difficult questions. Sometimes you can reformulate a question. Or answer the question with another question. Or even ask for comment from the rest of the audience.
可以事先准备一些问题的答案。你可以在presentation的任何一个过程中接受提问,但是应该事先向观众表达清楚。即使面对相对困难或刁钻的问题,也要礼貌回应,你可以重新组织一个问题,把提问引到你熟悉的领域,也可以用其它问题的答案回答不同的问题。征求一下台下观众的看法也是可行的。