241. refreshment[r'fremnt]

n.①(pl.)茶点,点心和饮料 ②恢复精力

示例:

Having not yet lunched, we went to the refreshment bar for ham sandwiches.我们都没吃午饭,于是便去小吃店买了火腿三明治。



242. renovate['renvet]

vt.修复,整修

示例:

The school master has accepted proposals to renovate the old schoolhouses.校长已经接受了翻新旧校舍的提议。



243. repay[r'pe]

vt.①归还 ②偿还

示例:

I can never repay you for your kindness.我永远也无法报答你的好意。



244. reside[r'zad]

vi.居住

示例:

The true face of Lushan is lost to my sight, for it is right in this mountain that I reside.不识庐山真面目,只缘身在此山中。



245. ridicule[rdkjul]

vt./n.嘲笑,奚落

示例:

I admired her all the more for allowing them to ridicule her and never striking back.她能听任他们嘲笑却从不还击,这让我更加敬佩她。



246. romance[r'mns]

n.①恋爱(关系) ②浪漫气氛

示例:

We want to recreate the romance and excitement that used to be part of rail journeys.我们想再度营造以前坐火车旅行的浪漫和兴奋。



247. runway[rnwe]

n.①飞机跑道 ②T型台

示例:

As the aeroplane went down the runway the wing touched a pile of rubble.飞机降落沿跑道滑行的时候机翼擦到了一堆碎石。



248. scent[sent]

n.①香味 ②香水

示例:

I like the sweet scent of ripe fruit.我喜欢成熟水果那种甜甜的香味。



249. setback[setbk]

n.挫折,阻碍

示例:

Our business had a nasty setback.我们的业务遇到极大的挫折。



250. shit[t]

n.①讨厌的家伙 ②粪便 ③(sing.)拉屎 ④废话int.(表示恼怒)胡说!

示例:

You're in a world of shit! 你的麻烦大了!



251. shrimp[rmp]

n.①小虾 ②矮小的人

示例:

They drifted on the lake, fishing and catching shrimp to get by. 他们漂泊湖上,以打鱼捕虾为生。



252. situate[stuet]

vt.①使坐落于 ②将……置于

示例:

The village is situated in a valley. 这个村子处于一山谷中。



253. skyline['skalan]

n.(建筑物、树、山等在天空映衬下的)轮廓线

示例:

Chicago city has the most beautiful skyline in the world.芝加哥有世界上最美丽的城市天际线。



254. snack[snk]

n.(正餐以外的)快餐,小吃,点心

示例:

Today, chocolate can be a hot drink, a frozen dessert, or just a snack. 今天,巧克力可以是一种热饮,一种冰冻的饭后甜点,或者就只是一种小吃。



255. soar[s]

vi.①猛增,剧增 ②高飞,升腾 ③高耸,屹立 ④(情绪、期望等)高涨

示例:

If the birds have not flown for three years, they will soar into the clouds. If they have not sung for three years, their songs will take everyone by surprise. 三年不蜚,蜚将冲天;三年不鸣,鸣将惊人。



256. sparkle['spɑkl]

vi.①闪耀,发光 ②(眼睛)发亮

示例:

She sparkled as a performer.她作为一名演员才华出众。



257. staircase['stekes]

n.楼梯



258. staple[ 'stepl]

n.①订书钉 ②主食

示例:

The Chinese also eat a type of pasta as part of their staple diet.中国人也把一种面食作为他们的主食之一。



259. statute['sttut]

n.法规,法令,条例

示例:

The new statute covers the care for, bringing up and protection of children.新法令涵盖了儿童保育、养育和保护的相关内容。



260. stool[stul]

n.①凳子 ②大便,粪便

示例:

The stool had a torn, red plastic seat. 那个凳子的红色塑料座面已经破旧不堪。



261. strive[strav]

vi.(for,against)努力,奋斗

示例:

As far as quality is concerned, we must not make do with what we have, but must constantly strive for excellence.在质量方面,不能将就,要精益求精。



262. surname['snem]

n.姓

示例:

The majority of British women adopt their husband's surname when they marry. 大多数英国女性结婚后随夫姓。



263. swipe[swap]

v.①挥拳打 ②偷窃 ③刷(磁卡) n.①重击,猛打 ②抨击,谴责

示例:

There's something wrong with the swipe machine, so you would better pay with cash. 刷卡机出了点问题,您最好付现金。



264. takeoff[ 'tekf]

n.(飞机或火箭)起飞,升空

示例:

The jet crashed soon after takeoff, killing all the passengers and crew.那架喷气式飞机起飞后不久就坠毁了,所有乘客和机组人员无一生还。



265. tangible[ 'tndbl]

a.①确实的 ②可触知的,有形的

示例:

The plan brought few tangible benefits to the students.这个计划没有给学生带来多少实际好处。



266. telecommunications['telkmjun 'ketnz]

n.(pl.)电信,电讯[△简写为telecoms]

示例:

The television screens of the next century will be linked up to an emerging world telecommunications grid. 下个世纪的电视屏幕将会接入到正在形成的全球电信网络中。



267. tenant[ 'tennt]

n.房客,租户

示例:

The desk was left by the previous tenant.这张桌子是前任房客留下的。



268. terrific [t'rfk]

a.①极好的 ②极其巨大的

示例:

There's a terrific restaurant in South Street.南大街新开了一家饭馆,好极了。



269. thanksgiving[ 'θksɡv]

n.①感恩节 ②感恩

示例:

Thanksgiving is a movable holiday.感恩节的日期每年不同。



270. thesis[ 'θiss]

n.①论文 ②论点 ③(文章的)主题

示例:

He was awarded his PhD for a thesis on industrial robots. 他凭一篇研究工业机器人的论文获得博士学位。



271. transcript['trnskrpt]

n.①抄本 ②学生成绩报告单

示例:

Have a copy of your high school transcript and resume at hand. 准备一份你高中的成绩报告单和个人履历。



272. transit['trnst]

n.载运,运输

示例:

During their talks, the two presidents discussed the transit of goods between the two countries. 会谈中,两位总统讨论了两国间货物运输的问题。


273. trigger['trɡ]

vt.①引起,激发 ②开动n.①(枪的)扳机

示例:

Even a problem as simple as a bad back often has an underlying triggering factor.甚至像背疼这样的小问题都常常有潜在的诱发因素。



274. triple[trpl]

a.①三部分的 ②三倍的 vt.使增至三倍

示例:

I got a fantastic new job and my salary tripled.我得到了一份非常好的新工作,薪水涨到了原来的3倍。



275. trolley[trli]

n.①手推车,小车 ②(AmE)有轨电车

示例:

A porter relieved her of the three large cases she had been pushing on a trolley. 搬运工帮她卸下了她一直用手推车推着的3个大箱子。



276. tuition[tju'n]

n.①学费 ②教学,讲课

示例:

The courses will give the beginner personal tuition in all types of outdoor photography.该课程将为初学者一对一地讲授各种户外摄影技巧。



277. tumor['tjum]

n.瘤,肿瘤,肿块

示例:

Just a few tumor cells in blood are enough to spread cancer to other parts of the body.在血液中,仅少数肿瘤细胞就可以将癌症转移到身体的其它部分。


278. underdeveloped[ nddvelpt]

a.(国家、地区等)经济不发达的

示例:

For underdeveloped countries, improved health and education are urgently needed.对不发达国家来讲,当务之急是改善健康和教育状况。



279. underestimate[ ndr'estmet]

vt.低估

示例:

Never underestimate the power of a woman.决不能低估女人的能力。



280. unemployed [ nm'pld ]

a.失业的,待岗的

示例:

Her husband is unemployed and the family depends on charity. 她丈夫失业了,全家人靠救济金过日子。



281. upgrade[p'ɡred]vt. ['pɡred]n.

vt.①使(计算机等)升级 ②提高,改善(尤指服务)③给(某人)升职 n.向上的斜坡

示例:

She was upgraded to sales director.她被提升为销售部主任。



282. vendor[vend]

n.①小贩,摊贩 ②(某种产品的)销售公司 ③(房屋等的)卖主

示例:

Remember, the estate agent is working for the vendor. 记住,房地产代理商是为房地产卖方服务的。



283. versus[ vss]

prep.①对抗 ②与……相对

△ versus用于指比赛或诉讼中一方“对”另一方,缩略为v.或vs.

示例:

Have you watched the game last night? It was France versus Italy.昨天晚上的比赛你看了吗?是法国队对意大利队。



284. vigor[ 'vɡ]

n.活力,精力

示例:

This is a season of spring, as the youth we have, full of vigor and vitality.这是一个春意盎然的季节,就像我们所拥有的青春一样,充满生机和活力。



285. vocation[vken]

n.使命感

示例:

Trades union leadership in those days was less a career than a vocation.那时候的工会领导与其说是一份职业,倒不如说是一种使命。



286. vulnerable[ 'vlnrbl]

a.①脆弱的 ②易受攻击的

示例:

People with high blood pressure are especially vulnerable to diabetes.有高血压的人尤其易患糖尿病。



287. ware[we]

a.留神的,注意的 v.当心,谨防

示例:

Without proposal, be ware of possibly having no bride on your wedding day. 不求婚,小心结婚当天没有新娘。



288. warfare[wfe]

n.①战争(状态) ②斗争,冲突

示例:

The signal is clear: the cyber warfare is no science fiction anymore. 演习发出了一个明显的信号:网络战不再是科幻小说了。



289. warrior['wri]

n.武士,勇士,斗士

示例:

Like all boys, I dream of becoming a warrior. 和所有的男孩一样,我梦想着成为一名勇士。



290. wary['weri]

a.(对待人或事物时)谨慎的,小心的

示例:

Let us be honest: We know that some are wary of the future. 请允许我直言不讳:我们知道有些人对未来小心翼翼。



291. watertight['wttat]

a.①防水的 ②无懈可击的

示例:

The police had a watertight case. They even got his fingerprints from that glass cabinet.警方找到了确凿的证据。他们甚至在那个玻璃橱柜上提取到了他的指纹。



292. wilderness[wildns]

n.①荒野 ②荒芜的地方

示例:

He is proud of the garden he made from a wilderness.他为自己从荒地上开辟出的花园而感到自豪。



293. willpower[ 'wlpa]

n.意志力

示例:

They had the drive, determination, and willpower that you have right now.他们有你现在拥有的动力、决心和毅力。



294. workout[wkat]

n.体育锻炼,训练

示例:

Just one simple workout can ease stress and anxiety.仅仅一种简单的锻炼就可以减轻紧张和焦虑。



295. zoology[zu'ldi]

n.动物学

示例:

It is the branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats.它是动物学中研究动物在其自然生活环境中的行为的分支。