121. ethic ['eθk]

n.①道德标准 ②(-s)伦理学,道德观

示例:

Its members are bound by a rigid code of ethics which includes confidentiality. 它的成员受到包括保密在内的一套严格的伦理规范的约束。



122. excel [k'sel]

vi.擅长 vt.(~yourself) 胜过平时

示例:

The firm excels at producing cheap transistor radios. 该公司以生产廉价晶体管收音机见长。



123. expend[k'spend]

vt.花费,耗费

示例:

I have expended much time on the problem. 在这个问题上我花了很多时间。



124. expertise [eksp'tiz]

n.专门知识(或技能等),专长

示例:

There's a great deal of knowledge and expertise in it.这里头大有学问。



125. eyebrow ['abra]

n.眉毛

示例:

He raised a questioning eyebrow. 他探询地挑起了眉毛。



126. federation[fed'ren]

n.①联合会,联盟 ②联邦

示例:

The organization emerged from a federation of six national agencies. 该组织由6个全国性机构联合而成。



127. fingerprint['fɡprnt]

n.指纹 vt.取……指纹

示例:

They were photographed and had their fingerprints taken. 他们被拍了照,还被提取了指纹。



128. fireplace['faples]

n.[C]壁炉

示例:

There was a fire burning in the large fireplace. 大壁炉里火势正旺。



129. flaw [fl]

n.①缺点 ②缺陷

示例:

The only flaw in his character seems to be a short temper.他性格中的唯一缺点好像就是脾气急。



130. footprint['ftprnt]

n.脚印

示例:

We followed the footprints of a deer in the snow. 我们追踪雪地里一头鹿的足迹。



131. foremost ['fmst]

a.①最重要的 ②最前的

示例:

The premier occupies the foremost place in the world of politics. 首相是政界的首要人物。



132. foresight['fsat]

n.先见之明,远见

示例:

The failure is the result of their lack of foresight.这次失败是由于他们缺乏深谋远虑而导致的。



133. formulate['fmjlet]

vt.①制定,规划 ②确切表达

示例:

The contract was formulated in difficult legal language.该合同是用深奥的法律术语订立的。



134. forthcoming [fθ'km]

a.①(事物)即将发生的 ②(需要时)现成的 ③(人)乐于提供消息的

示例:

The secretary at the reception was not very forthcoming.接待处的秘书不太主动相告。



135. freshman['fremn]

n.(AmE)(大学)一年级学生

示例:

I am a college freshman. 我是一名大学新生。



136. fright[frat]

n.①惊吓 ②恐怖的经历

示例:

An untrained horse had taken fright at the sound of gunfire. 一匹未经训练的马听到枪响受了惊。



137. gadget ['ɡdt]

n.小巧的机械(或工具),精巧装置

示例:

The gadget can be attached to any vertical surface. 这小玩意儿可以粘在任何垂直表面上。



138. geology [di'ldi]

n.地质学

示例:

He was visiting professor of geology at the University of Jordan. 他是约旦大学的地质学客座教授。



139. gloom [ɡlum]

n.①昏暗,阴暗

示例:

Don't let defeat fill you with gloom.别让失败使你灰心丧气。



140. gorgeous['ɡds]

a.①令人愉快的 ②极其漂亮的

示例:

She has a reputation for brilliance. Also, she is gorgeous.她以才华出众而闻名。此外,她还非常漂亮。



141. gossip['gsp]

n.①流言蜚语 ②爱说长道短的人

示例:

We spoke, debated, gossiped into the night.我们交谈着,争论着,闲聊着,一直持续到晚上。



142. gravitation[ɡrv'ten]

n.引力

示例:

We owe to Newton the principle of gravitation. 万有引力原理的发现应归功于牛顿。



143. grin[grn]

vi./n.咧嘴笑

示例:

He grins, delighted at the memory. 想到往事,他开心地咧嘴笑了起来。



144. guilt [glt]

n.①内疚,自责 ②罪过,罪行 ③责任

示例:

The guilt of the accused man was in doubt.被告的罪行有疑问。



145. gut[gt]

n.①消化道,肠道 ②(‐s)( pl. )(尤指动物的)内脏 ③(尤指大的)胃,肚子 ④(‐s)(pl.)勇气,胆量,决心 ⑤(常pl.)内心,直觉 ⑥(‐s)(pl.)核心,实质 vt.①损毁 ②取出……的内脏(以便烹饪) a.[作定语] 非理性的,本能的

示例:

It is not always necessary to gut the fish prior to freezing. 冷冻鱼之前并不总是需要先把内脏掏空。



146. habitat['hbtt]

n.(动植物的)生活环境,栖息地

示例:

The jungle is the natural habitat of wild animals and plants.丛林是野兽和植物的自然栖息地。



147. halfway[hɑ:f'we]

a./ad.中间(的),半途(的)

示例:

The car broke down on the halfway. 车在半路坏了。



148. handicap['hndkp]

vt.妨碍n.①障碍 ②残障

示例:

Not speaking the language is a real handicap. 不会讲这种语言的确是一个障碍。



149. haunt[hnt]

vt.①缠绕,烦扰 ②(鬼魂)常出没于

示例:

He would always be haunted by that scene in the park. 他永远无法摆脱公园里的那一幕。



150. haze[hez]

n.薄雾,雾霾 vi.笼罩在薄雾中

示例:

The sun was surrounded by a golden haze.太阳被一片金色烟霞笼罩。



151. heartfelt['hɑtfelt]

a.衷心的,真诚的

示例:

Please accept my heartfelt thanks for your concern and generosity.请接受我对你的关怀和慷慨的由衷谢意。



152. hectare ['hekte]

n.公顷

示例:

A hectare is equal to 10 000 square metres. 一公顷等于一万平方米。



153.hereby[h'ba]

ad.(用于法律文件等)以此,特此

示例:

Words of mouth being no guarantee, a written statement is hereby given. 空口无凭,立字为证。



154. heritage['hertd]

n.(文化)遗产,传统

示例:

The historic building is part of our cultural heritage.这座历史建筑是我们的文化遗产的一部分。



155. hijack/highjack['hadk]

vt.劫持(尤指飞机)[△“绑架”(人)用kidnap]

示例:

The plane was highjacked while on a flight to Delhi.该机在飞往德里的途中遭到劫持。



156. homosexual[hm'sekul]

a.同性恋的

示例:

A fraud trial involving two homosexual lawyers was abandoned. 一桩涉及两名同性恋律师的欺诈案审判被撤销了。



157. hospitable[h'sptbl]

a.①(人)好客的,殷勤的 ②(作物生长条件)适宜的,舒适的

示例:

The locals are hospitable and welcoming. 当地人热情好客。



158. hyphen['hafn]

n.连字符,连字号

示例:

The dash is longer than the hyphen. 破折号比连字符稍长点。



159. immigrate['mgret]

vi.移居(入境)

示例:

They immigrated to the United States from Hong Kong.他们从香港移居美国。



160. incentive[n'sentv]

n.刺激,鼓励,动机

示例:

Our bonus payments for improved productivity provide an incentive to work harder.提高生产率便给予额外奖励,这一做法鼓励了大家更加努力地工作。