课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．How did your clothes get into such a mess?
mess 表示“脏乱状态”时通常与in连用或与 get into连用：
When she returned from the market, the children had got the room into a terrible mess.
Why was her hair in such a mess?
2．University students set the on fire this morning.
set on fire 为固定短语，表示“使……燃烧”、“放火烧……”：
In 1834, someone set the Houses of Parliament on fire.
Have you found out who set my car on fire?
3．The fire broke out in the .
break out 可以指火灾、战争等“突然发生”、“爆发”：
World War I broke out in 1914.
When the fire broke out in the ship, Sally was frightened out of her wits.
4．The Ambassador's wife went on asking questions…
go on+ 动名词表示某个动作“继续不停”：
We went on talking till after midnight.
go on+ 不定式则指做不同的事：
After making the bed, she went on to cook breakfast.
5．Someone fired a shot through my office window.
When the prisoner of war tried to escape, a guard fired a gun at him.
A young man fired on the British Ambassador to Japan.
词汇学习 Word study
He aimed a fire at me.
He aimed at the dog but missed.
What he aims for is money.
She aims to be a painter.
What is your aim in life?
You've missed your aim again.
I must definitely get that fellow posted.
Two months ago, Horst was posted to Paris.
He posted me a Christmas card last year.
Would you please post this parcel for me?
练习答案 Key to written exercises
When she asked what had happened and how his clothes had got into such a mess, the Ambassador answered drily that a fire extinguisher had been responsible. He then told her that university students had set the Embassy on fire that morning. His wife was most surprised and asked him where he had been at the time. The Ambassador answered that he had been in his office as usual. When the fire broke out in the basement, he had gone down to investigate and a man called Horst had aimed a fire extinguisher at him. Horst thought the Ambassador was on fire. The Ambassador said that he must definitely get the fellow posted. His wife suddenly noticed a big hole in her husband's hat and asked him how he could explain it. The Ambassador said that someone had fired a shot through his office window. The shot was accurate, but fortunately he had not been wearing his hat at the time. If he had, he would not have been able to get home for lunch.
have just received…said…has broken…were demonstrating…
demonstrated…broke…set…were protesting…has recently been imposed…
was recently imposed…said… has been seriously affected…
is said… was bravely defended…kept…announced…would be taken…
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