Unique Modes of Transportation

里,作者比较了火车、汽车、轮船和飞机几种出远门时需要用上的交通工具。作者最喜欢的是飞机,虽然票价昂贵,而且总让人担心是否安全,但飞机在速度方面绝对无可比拟。沪友们更喜欢哪种呢?

除了飞机、火车这些常见的交通工具外,世界上还有各种各样我们平时没怎么见过的交通方式哟。本期文化大爆炸就带大家去看看另外一些独特的交通工具吧!

Venice Traghetto

Venice – Traghetto
威尼斯摆渡船

Along the 3.5km stretch of Venice's Grand Canal there are just three bridges, so how do you get across? By Traghetto (meaning 'ferry' in Italian), of course. The unglamorous sibling of the ; these no-frills boats get passengers from one side of the canal to the other for a fee. You can pick up a Traghetto from any of the seven piers along the canal - just look for the yellow signs pointing you towards the landings. Each boat is rowed by two oarsmen - one at the bow and one behind the passengers, as in a gondola - if you want to ride like a Venetian, stand for the short journey.
总长3.5公里的威尼斯大运河上,一共只有三座桥梁,那你要怎么过河呢?当然是坐Traghetto(意大利语的“渡船”之意)啦。这种摆渡船和著名的贡多拉很像,但是没贡多拉那么精致迷人。这些无装饰的船只将乘客从运河的一边送到另一边,只收取很少的费用。你可以在运河沿岸七个码头中的任意一个搭乘Traghetto——会有一些黄色指示牌指示你在哪里登船,只要找到它们即可。每艘船有两个桨手,像贡多拉一样,一个在船头,一个在所有乘客身后。如果你想像威尼斯人一样出行,那就忍受一下这趟短途旅程吧。

Pakistan Tangah

Pakistan - Tangah
巴基斯坦马车

Save yourself a few bucks in Pakistan and ride on a Tangah, rather than the more commonly used rickshaws and taxis. A Tangah is a carriage, sitting atop two large wooden wheels (not exactly designed for comfort, so expect a sore bottom on a long journey! ), pulled by one or two horses. They have a low-glamour, but high fun factor and have become more widely used in Pakistan for enjoyment, rather than as a functional way of getting around. Just beware that they're not the speediest way to travel!
想在巴基斯坦省点钱,那就坐坐Tangah吧,而不要选择更常用的人力三轮车或出租车。Tangah是架在两个大木轮上(木轮可不是为了舒适而设计的,所以做好心理准备,这趟漫长旅程中你的屁股可要受罪了!)、由一两匹马拉的马车。Tangah的样子不怎么迷人,但却非常有趣。在巴基斯坦,它越来越多地作为一种娱乐方式被广泛使用,而不是一个功能性的交通工具。只是要注意,它们可不是速度最快的旅行方式哟!

Cambodia Bamboo train

Cambodia - Bamboo train
柬埔寨竹火车

Those with a strong constitution may want to ride a Cambodian bamboo train - known locally as a nori. Passengers sit on a makeshift bamboo 'train' (basically just a bamboo platform) powered by an electric generator engine, travelling at up to 40km/h. The unmaintained railway tracks make for a ride and the closest you'll get to luxury is sitting on a grass mat. But the fares are low and this is a once in a lifetime experience, as all the locals use them for getting around..
体格强壮的人也许想要试试坐柬埔寨竹火车——也被当地人称作nori。乘客坐在一个临时搭建的用发电机引擎供电的竹“火车”上(基本上是一个竹子平台),以每小时40公里的速度行驶。无人维护的铁路轨道让旅途颠簸不平,而铺上一张草垫子再坐在上面已经是最奢侈的方式了。但是竹火车的票价很低,而且这是一次千载难逢的经历,所有的当地人都使用它们出行。

Philippines Jeepey

Philippines - Jeepney
菲律宾吉普尼

The exhaust-belching people-carriers powered by ancient car engines that around Filipino city streets are actually pieced-together former World War II army Jeeps. Adorned with painted flags, eagles, and starbursts, jeepneys are traditionally given names such as "Taurus" and "Mr. Lover Boy." They travel at breakneck speed overloaded with people and produce, often failing to come to a complete stop for passengers to leap on and off. These dirty, decrepit workhorses and their doctored diesel are responsible for a particularly toxic form of air pollution as well as health problems.
这些采用古老的柴油发动机、在菲律宾城市街道上猛冲、一副喷气都喷不动样子的车,实际上是第二次世界大战军用吉普车的组装车。装饰着彩旗、鹰和四射亮光,吉普尼传统上被赋予了"Taurus"和"Mr. Lover Boy"之类的名字。它们过度运载人和货,并以极速运行,常常不能完全停下让乘客们上下车。这些肮脏破旧的机器和它们所装配的柴油机对一种特殊有毒气体的产生负有主要责任,会造成空气污染和健康问题。

Thailand Tuk tuk

Thailand – Tuk Tuk
泰国嘟嘟车

Brightly colored, three-wheeled tuk tuks beetle about Bangkok, passengers into their covered back seats as they battle insane traffic and about in the heat, humidity, and pollution. The impatient drivers of these rusting, souped-up golf carts hurtle from one lane of traffic to another, barely registering the presence of lumbering buses, thundering trucks, and the mosquito fleets of other tuk tuk drivers. As you idle, you'll have the chance to really enjoy how the noisy vehicles themselves contribute substantially to pollution. Tourists often find themselves delivered to an extra, unexpected stop en route as tuk tuk drivers attempt to get a cut of commission at stores where they happen to take a .
颜色鲜艳的三轮嘟嘟车在曼谷快速穿梭,将乘客都塞入其后排座位,和疯狂的交通作斗争,在高温、潮湿和污染中横冲直撞。没耐心的司机驾驶着这些生了锈的、加大了马力的高尔夫球车从一条小巷猛冲到另一条小巷,几乎无视笨重的巴士、雷鸣般的卡车、以及如蚊子舰队般众多的其他嘟嘟车的存在。当你无所事事,你将有机会真正体会到这些嘈杂的车辆本身是如何对污染作出重大“贡献”的。途中,游客常常会发现自己在一个莫名其妙的地方停了下来,那是因为嘟嘟车司机带他们走的弯路上碰巧有可以赚外快佣金的商店。

India Elephant Howdah

India - Elephant Howdah
印度象轿

"Howdah" translates as "throne," a throwback to the days when the platforms transported India's royalty from one place to the next. These days, it tends to be an array of tourists rather than the traditional loads with which these big beasts of burden are . Howdahs can range from a simple seat and canopy to an , gilt and jewel-encrusted carriage, complete with windows.
Howdah被翻译为“宝座”,把我们带回过去印度王族乘坐这种华丽“工具”从一个地方去到另一个地方的日子。现在,这些庞然大物负载的往往是一群普通游客,而不是什么传统贵族。 印度象轿可以是一个简单的座椅和华盖,也可以是一个镀金并镶有宝石、还带有窗子的豪华车厢。

Alaska Sled Dog

Alaska – Sled Dog
阿拉斯加雪橇犬

In Alaska or the Yukon, dog-pulled sleds have been replaced by snowmobiles in some communities. But hard-core husky enthusiasts still opt for canine power. Used in areas such as Denali National Park where motorized alternatives are illegal, deliveries, vet calls, and even Census visits in Alaska are still sometimes done by sled.
在阿拉斯加和育空(加拿大一地区),一些社区已经用雪地车取代了狗拉雪橇。但是顽固不化的爱斯基摩犬爱好者仍然选择用狗作为动力。在德纳里国家公园等地区,使用雪橇犬作为电动的替代品是非法的;但是在阿拉斯加,发送货物、呼叫兽医、甚至是人口普查访问,有时仍然用狗拉雪橇。

Peru Barco de Totora

Peru – Barco de Totora
秘鲁托托拉船

Totora is a which is grown in Peru, most notably on Lake Titicaca. The Uros are a group of people who live on the lake on floating islands fashioned from the reed. They also make Barco de Totora from bundles of the dried reeds, and these boats have become an icon of Peru. If you're visiting Lake Titicaca, the Barco de Totora is a wonderful, unique method of getting across the vast and beautiful stretch of water.
托托拉是一根生长在秘鲁的芦苇,是喀喀湖上最瞩目的风景线。乌鲁斯人是生活在喀喀湖中由芦苇形成的浮岛上的一群人。他们还可以用一捆捆的干芦苇制作托托拉船,这些船已成为秘鲁的象征。如果您正在喀喀湖游览,乘坐托托拉船是越过这片广袤而美丽的湖水的独特好方式。

London DUKW

London - DUKW
伦敦水陆两用军车

DUKW, widely pronounced 'duck', are trucks that were designed by the American military during World War II to transport equipment and troops over both land and water. Nowadays, you can take a trip in a DUKW in central London, on the aptly named Duck Tours. On a tour you'll drive past famous London landmarks like Big Ben, the London Eye and Trafalgar Square before dramatically launching into the River Thames to get a view from the water. They're the only way to experience the sights of central London by land and river - without leaving the comfort of your seat!
DUKW,通常发成'duck'的音,是第二次世界大战期间由美军设计的水陆两栖车,可以在陆地也可以在水上运输装备或搭载部队士兵。现在,你可以在伦敦市中心坐一回水陆两用军车,进行所谓的Duck Tours。途中你会经过伦敦著名的标志性建筑,如大本钟、伦敦眼和特拉法格广场,然后引人注目地开进泰晤士河,在河上观赏风景。这是在伦敦市中心水陆两地享受风景的唯一方式,而且都不用离开你舒适的座位哟!