Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
When Kathie Gifford's face was splashed across the newspapers in 1996 after her lucrative line of Wal mart clothing was exposed as the work of underpaid laborers in New York City's Chinatown, the Department of Labor and the White House teamed up to condemn such practices. With much fanfare, President Clinton's administration launched the "No Sweat" campaign, which pressured retailers and manufacturers to submit to periodic independent inspection of their workplace conditions.
This campaign urged manufacturers to sign the Workplace Code of Conduct, a promise to selfregulate that has since been adopted by a handful of retailers and many of the nation's largest manufacturers, including Nike and L.L. Bean. However, the Department of Defense, which has a $ 1 billion garment business that would make it the country's 14th largest retail apparel outlet, has not signed the Code of Conduct. In addition, it has not agreed to demand that its contractors submit to periodic inspections.
Because the Department of Defense has not agreed to adhere to the code, the job of stopping public sector sweatshops falls to the Department of Labor. Federal contractors that persist in violating wage laws or safety and health codes can lose their lucrative taxpayer financed contracts. But Suzanne Seiden, a deputy administrator at the Department of Labor, says that to her knowledge, the department has never applied that rule to government apparel manufacturers. "I just assume that they are adhering to safety and health requirements," she says. According to records obtained by Mother Jones, through a Freedom of Information Act request, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has cited Lion 32 times for safety and health violations in the past 12 years.
21.What is this passgage mainly concerned with?
A)The functions of the Department of Labor in America.
B)A serious problem threatening American economy.
C)The successful attempt of regulating sweatshops in America.
D)The seriousness of the problem of sweatshops in America.
22.According to the passage, Kathie Gifford ____.
A) was one of the underpaid laborers in New York City's Chinatown
B) was one of the well paid laborers in New York City's Chinatown
C) made much money from cheap laborers in New York City's Chinatown
D) wrote a newspaper article exposing the practice of employing cheap laborers
23.The underlined phrase "to submit to" is closest in meaning to ____.
A) to accept unwillingly
B) to refuse coldly
C) to welcome warm heartedly
D) to blame strongly
24.Which of the following statements about the Department of Defense is true?
A) It will become the country's 14th largest retail apparel manufacturer.
B) It hasn't acted according to the Workplace Code of Conduct.
C) It has demanded its contractors to sign the Workplace Code of Conduct.
D) It has teamed up with the Department of Labor to launch a campaign.
25.What was the purpose of President Clinton's administration launching the "No Sweat" campaign?
A) To urge manufacturers to obey the Workplace Code of Conduct.
B) To remind the manufacturers of the Workplace Code of Conduct.
C) To urge the Department of Labor to take its responsibility.
D) To urge the Department of Defense to inspect manufacturers.
【试题分析】归纳概括题(Summing up and summarizing)，这种试题要求学生能把握文章的总体，并真正理解主题和中心大意。
【详细解答】文章从开始就讲述众多的低收入工人集体抗议工作条件，导致Kathie Gifford的服装厂被曝光;于是克林顿政府发起"无血汗"运动，可是国防部拒绝签署《工作场所操作规范》，劳工部却称该部门主要要求制造商们遵守安全和卫生规定。可见美国政府部门对于血汗工厂的问题存有分歧，也难以解决。所以文章的中心大意是美国血汗工厂的问题目前最严重的地方是美国政府对此的态度不 够统一和坚决。A)太偏，不是讲美国劳工部的职能;B)太泛，没有指明哪个问题，也不一定威胁到美国的经济;C)与文章意思相反，美国规范血汗工厂的努力 并没有成功。D)最符合文章主题。
【译文】根据本文，Kathie Gifford____ ?
【详细解答】见文章第一句话"When Kathie Gifford...condemn such practices."，Kathie Gifford的高利润的服装厂曝光了，之后她于1996年在报纸上被广泛报道。所以C)为正确答案。A)和B)与本句意思不符，她不是一名工人;D)说她写文章报道此事，也不对。
【译文】与划线短语"to submit to" 意思最接近的是下列哪一项?
【试题分析】猜测词义题(Guessing at word meaning)。即运用一些猜测生词词义的方法，猜测生词的含义，以提高阅读速度和理解能力。
【试题分析】分析判断题(Making an analysis and a judgment)。即根据文章中提供的事实，经过分析、思考做出这样或那样的判断选择。
【详细解答】这类题需要事先通读全文，理解全文主旨，尤其是关于国防部的内容;然后再将四个选项进行比较，用排除法。A)国防部是美国第14大 零售服装制造商，这与文章中retail apparel outlet(零售服装批发商店)不符;B)它没有按照《工作场所操作规范》行事，这与文章中has not signed the code of conduct正好相符;C)它要求承包商签署《工作场所操作规范》， 这与文章中it has not agreed to demand that its contractors submit to periodic inspections.相反;D)它要求劳工部发起一场运动，文章中没有提及。所以，对比分析可得知B为正确答案。
【详细解答】文章第一段最后一句话"with much fanfare， ...， their workplace conditions."是说，克林顿政府借此小题大做，以勒令制造商们对车间环境进行定期检查。关键词有pressure(强制，压迫，勒令)，to submit to(屈服，服从)。第二段第一句话"this campaign urged manufacturers to sign the Conduct."更加直接说明了这场运动的目的，即让他们签署并执行这一规范。故A)为正确答案。